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Tag Archives: Chapter 13

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy can save your house from an Illinois Tax Deed or an Illinois Tax Sale

Posted by David Leibowitz on March 4th, 2014 in Bankruptcy, Bankruptcy and Taxes, Chapter 13, Illinois, , , ,

So many of our bankruptcy clients fear losing their house to mortgage foreclosure.  We have done a good job of teaching our clients that chapter 13 bankruptcy can save your home from mortgage foreclosure. You can catch up with payments you haven’t made to your mortgage company.

In Illinois, you can lose your house even if you’ve made every one of your mortgage payments? How can this be? If you don’t pay every cent of the taxes you are obligated to pay on your house, a tax purchaser can literally pay those taxes for you. Then you must pay back the tax purchaser through the county clerk with very hefty interest charges. If you don’t do this, the tax purchase may pay taxes on your house for you for several years after that. You may not even know that this is happening. At the end, the tax purchaser has the right to be paid in full with very high interest for the taxes paid on your behalf for all those years. You might not have enough money to pay these taxes back all at once. So the tax buyer then has the right to get a deed to your house – literally stealing it from you even if you have a great deal of equity. This frequently happens to older people or people not fully conversant in English. They simply don’t understand the complicated legal papers they receive about tax sales.

This is where Lakelaw comes to your rescue. You can file chapter 13 bankruptcy to save your house. You can pay back all those taxes, maybe with substantially reduced interest, over a period of up to five years. All you have to do is to file the chapter 13 case before the property “goes to deed.”

Bankruptcy Judge Janet Baer wrote a very important decision about this issue in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Illinois here in Chicago. These cases called Romious and Watts established the very important principal that a tax sale was more like a lien until the actual deed in favor of the tax purchaser was recorded. Because the tax sale position is so secure, the tax buyer has nothing to lose as long as the owner is making payments under the chapter 13 plan. You can find the Romius-Watts decision here:

So if you are facing a tax deed, don’t despair.  Call David Leibowitz at Lakelaw, 847 249 9100 and get the help you need immediately.

I’m filing bankruptcy – do I have to consider my spouse’s income? “It’s complicated.”

Posted by David Leibowitz on February 20th, 2014 in Bankruptcy, Chapter 13, Chapter 7, , , , ,

If you are filing for bankruptcy, either under chapter 7 or chapter 13, your income matters.  Why?  People who make more than the median income – the income more than 1/2 of the people make – are presumed to be abusing the system if they file a bankruptcy under chapter 7.  For an individual, that’s around $40,000 and for a family of 4 that’s around $80,000. It’s better for most people to file chapter 7 than chapter 13 because in chapter 7, you are done with your bankruptcy in 4 months.  In chapter 13, you pay more fees and you make monthly payments to a chapter 13 trustee toward payment of your debts for 5 years.  This can be a good deal if you are trying to save property or catch up with mortgage arrears. It’s not such a good deal if you have a very little non-exempt property which you might lose in a chapter 7.

When you make more than the median income, we have to figure out if you overcome the presumption of abuse. We do that by analyzing your income and expenses under the government’s Means Test as adopted by the Bankruptcy Code.

Many of our clients are married.  Frequently, one person in a marriage has debt and needs to file for bankruptcy but the other does not. Then what happens?

It’s not all that simple.

We have to figure out your projected disposable income.  To figure this out, we need to know not only what you make and what your expenses are, we also need to know what your spouse makes and what your spouse’s expenses are. That’s because anything your spouse makes beyond your spouse’s own separate expenses are deemed to be available to you as disposable income to allow you to pay some of your debts.  This additional disposable income might make a difference in determining (a) whether you are eligible to file a case under chapter 7 or (b) how much you’ll have to pay as a monthly payment if you have to file a case under chapter 13.

It might seem unfair that your spouse’s income must be considered if you are filing a bankruptcy case and your spouse is not.  But Congress has spoken  and we must help you obey the rules.

The good news is that if you file a bankruptcy case and your spouse does not, your bankruptcy case has no adverse impact on your spouse’s personal credit.

It’s complicated when one spouse files for bankruptcy and the other does not.  Lakelaw’s board certified bankruptcy attorneys have great experience with complex cases like yours.  Count on us to help you when you have tricky bankruptcy questions.   Call Lakelaw in Chicago or Waukegan at 847 249 9100 or in Milwaukee or Kenosha at 262 694 7300.

New Supreme Court Case on Determining Chapter 13 Payments – Hamilton v Lanning

Posted by Ryan Blay on June 10th, 2010 in Chapter 13, Illinois, Wisconsin, , , , , ,

The Supreme Court has finally told us how to figure out how much you need to pay in a chapter 13 plan..

The first question we hear after mentioning the basics of how a Chapter 13 works is “how much will I have to pay?” We need to know your “projected disposable income.” Until now, we really didn’t know how to figure this out. The Supreme Court has cleared up a lot of uncertainty about this, particularly when your income over the past few months includes large payments which you won’t be getting in the future. Until now, large one-time payments, like severance pay, could distort your income for “means test” purposes and therefore for purposes of figuring out how much you need to pay under a chapter 13 plan. Unfortunately, without sitting down, completing a full “means test”, a budget, and checking for equity in property, we couldn’t say for sure. We can try to give a good estimate. It’s completely unfair to expect someone to pay money based on income from the last six months if there was an unusually high amount of money, something that won’t be repeated going forward.

Now the Supreme Court has given us guidance we can rely upon in advising you in Chapter 13 cases. Here’s what happened. Ms. Lanning filed a bankruptcy after she lost her job and started a new job. During the six months before her filing, she received a severance over two months. That severance made her look like she was a wealthy woman and put her above the median income level for a single woman in Kansas. Although her budget showed she had about $144 per month to pay to a Chapter 13 plan, her “means test” told the courts she should really be paying much more – $756 per month – over $600 more than she could afford!

Ms. Lanning proved that a one-time event that is certain not to happen again was the cause of this inflated amount. The Supreme Court sided with her and said that her “projected disposable income” – the amount she needed to pay every month into her bankruptcy plan – was more accurately reflected by her budget.

This case can cut both for or against people who may file chapter 13. But at least we can tell you what to expect with a high degree of certainty. The most important thing you can do to determine what you should be paying to a Chapter 13 plan is to speak with a qualified attorney to review your case completely and let them fight for you.

Lakelaw files Chapter 13 Bankruptcies in Wisconsin and Illinois and can help you understand how plan payments work in Chapter 13 in compliance with the Supreme Court’s Lanning decision. Call 262-694-7300 in Wisconsin or 1-866-LAKELAW in Illinois today so that we can help you get out of debt for good.

I'm Filing for Bankruptcy – Should I Keep My House?

Posted by David Leibowitz on February 7th, 2009 in Bankruptcy, Chapter 13, Foreclosure - Saving Your Home, , ,

These days, many people find that their home is worth a lot less than the balance due on their mortgages.  Worse, people are out of jobs, in debt and facing foreclosure.  Everyone wants to keep their home.  Can you afford to keep your home?  Under what circumstances?  How do you make that decision?


The first thing to figure out is your income and expenses.  It’s a good idea to limit your housing expenses to about 1/3 of what’s left over after payroll deductions.  If you are paying too much for housing, you will have a hard time with food, clothing, transportation and other necessary expenses in your life.  And if something unexpected comes up, you’re in trouble again.

Own or Rent?

Compare the cost of ownership of your house to the cost of renting something else in your neighborhood.  If you are reaffirming a mortgage debt or two, it’s like buying your house all over again at the current price.  I would advise against that unless your alternatives are not any better.

Wait for Chapter 13 Reform?

If Congress amends the Bankruptcy Code by adopting HR 200, now passed in the House Judiciary Committee, you’ll have the chance to file a chapter 13 case if your loan is more than your home value, if you are in default, tried to get a loan modification and mortgage foreclosure is threatened.  If you did commit any fraud while getting your loan, you’ll have a chance to have the court rewrite your loan, lower the interest rate, stretch out the term, cure the defaults, eliminate the adjustable mortgage feature and prepayment penalties.  You’ll have to pay all your income after expenses to your creditors for three to five years under the supervision of a trustee.  It may be worth it to you.  But this opportunity is still in the future.  It may be worth waiting for in your case.

What does this mean?

You have a difficult decision.  We’ve helped our clients to make good decisions for 35 years.  We can certainly help you.

Don't ignore a Wisconsin Mortgage Foreclosure Complaint

Posted by David Leibowitz on January 11th, 2009 in Chapter 13, Foreclosure - Saving Your Home, Wisconsin, , ,

If you live in Wisconsin, listen up!  You cannot ignore a mortgage foreclosure complaint.  If you get served with a summons, you will have 20 days to do something about it.  You need to file an answer or a motion on before those 20 days are up.  You probably need a lawyer like Lakelaw to help you.  If you don’t answer within 20 days, Wisconsin Courts rarely will give you a break.  You will face a judgment of foreclosure right away.  You will lose your house in a matter of months.

These days, there are many defenses available to foreclosure.  Not only that, Lakelaw can help you file a chapter 13 case to protect your house.  And if Congress enacts legislation to amend Chapter 13, you’ll be able to reduce your mortgage to the current value of your house, stretch out the loan for up to 40 years, and possibly reduce the interest rate of your loan to an affordable rate.

So be alert!  If you get served with a summons or a mortgage foreclosure complaint, don’t be scared.  Don’t ignore it.  Don’t delay.  Call Lakelaw at 262.694.7300 and ask for help right away.

Citibank supports Senate Bill 61 to allow Loan Modifications to Home Mortgages

Posted by David Leibowitz on January 9th, 2009 in Chapter 13, Foreclosure - Saving Your Home, Uncategorized, , ,

Senate Bill 61, introduced by Dick Durbin (D. IL), is entitled Helping Families Save their Homes.  This bill, if enacted, would allow borrowers to use chapter 13 to modify their mortgages, even if they couldn’t cut a deal with their lender outside of bankruptcy.  Mortgages could be marked down to the present value of the house.  The rest of the loan would be paid under a chapter 13 plan over a period of five years – and not necessarily at 100% either.  Interest rates could be cut.  Prepayment penalties would be out.  Consumer protection claims would be preserved.  No more flim-flam junk charges on mortgages would be allowed either.

Sounds good?  Well not to most mortgage lenders.  They are geared up to fight this tooth and nail.  The American Bankers Association still opposes using Chapter 13 to modify home loans.

BUT –  In a stunning turn of events, Citibank now supports this legislation.  How did this happen?  Here’s the deal.  The new law would apply only to mortgages in existence at the time the legislation was passed.  And the borrower would have to first show that he or she tried to get a loan modification before going into chapter 13 bankruptcy.  There are other points too – but these are the main ones.

Remember, making laws in Congress is a lot like making sausage – the end product may taste good but the manufacturing process isn’t pretty.  Stand by – we’ll keep you informed.

Congress responding to foreclosure – Loan Modifications in Chapter 13

Posted by David Leibowitz on January 6th, 2009 in Bankruptcy, Chapter 13, Foreclosure - Saving Your Home, , , ,

Too many homeowners are facing foreclosure in Illinois and Wisconsin.  Chapter 7 bankruptcy won’t help you save your home if you can’t keep up your mortgage payments.  Even Chapter 13 wage earner plans are not so great, especially if your house is worth much less than what you owe.  But help is on the way.  Congress is planning to amend chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code.  And President-Elect Obama supports this legislation.  This change will allow a homeowner to lower the amount due on your home mortgage to no more than the current value of your home.  Any excess would be treated as an unsecured claim.  

What does this mean?  Suppose you have a house worth $200,000 today with a $150,000 first mortgage and a $100,000 second mortgage.  As things stand now, in a Chapter 13 bankruptcy case, you’d have to pay the entire $150,000 first mortgage and the entire $100,000 second mortgage plus any arrearages to keep your house.  You couldn’t do anything about the interest rates either.

Under the proposed law, you could reduce the second mortgage to $50,000.  You might be able to reduce the interest rates on both mortgages.  And the remaining $50,000 unsecured balance could be paid off under your chapter 13 plan over a period of up to 5 years.  You probably would not have to pay the whole $50,000, but perhaps only a small percentage.

This is a very important change in the law.  It would treat you just like any other property owner.  So PLEASE, contact your Congressman and Senators TODAY.  Tell them you want Chapter 13 amended to protect you and thousands of American homeowners just like you.


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